The Sumerians

The Sumerians were the first known people to settle in Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago. Located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern day Iraq), Sumer was often called the cradle of civilization. By the 4th millennium BC, it had established an advanced system writing, spectacular arts and architecture, astronomy and mathematics.

Royal Akkadian Head from Nineveh. Around 2250 B.C and traditionally identified as Sargon of Akkad. The original sculpture embellished the art collections of Baghdad’s Iraq Museum (inv.nr. IM 11331), but unfortunately it is not exhibited in Baghdad anymore

Physician and Scribe who lived during the Third dynasty of Egypt

Hesy-Re, relief on wood from his tomb in Saqqara. He was an official, physician (possibly the first known in history) and scribe who lived during the Third dynasty of Egypt, served under the pharaoh Djoser, and was buried in an elaborate tomb at Saqqara. He bore titles such as “Chief of Dentists and Physicians” and “Chief of the King’s Scribes”.